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Countries in North America with an Exchange

Exchanges in the North America region are located in the countries of Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Canada, Cayman Islands, Costa Rica, Curacao, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, St. Kitts, Trinidad & Tobago and the United States.

To learn more about which exchanges are in each country, click on a country link above to begin your search.

Overview of North American Economics and Exchanges

The United States has the world's largest economy with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $18.6 trillion but it is losing ground to China ($11.2t), which is expected to reach a leading GDP of $34 trillion by 2030. In addition to the United States, Canada (10th) had a top GDP 10 ranking. When looking at Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), the United States is already behind China ($21.4t).

The capital markets have remained strong in 2017 but whispers continue to hint of another bubble forming. Political situations, while initially favorable to markets in North America, could reverse direction due to unpredictability in government leadership. All eyes are being kept on central bank action, especially in the United States.

Each region has a strong interest in the direction of North American economics as it is a major influencer upon global markets and international policies.

History of Exchanges in North America

Exchanges in North America have a deep history that goes back to 1790 with the Board of Brokers of Philadelphia, which became the Philadelphia Stock Exchange and is now recognized as Nasdaq PHLX.

Other older exchanges include the New York Stock Exchange (1817), Toronto Stock Exchange (1861) and the Chicago Stock Exchange (1882), all of which were established in the 19th century.

Largest Exchanges in North America

The largest exchange in North America is the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), which finished 2016 with a market capitalization of $19.6 trillion.

Other large exchanges in North America include the Nasdaq ($7.8t) and the Toronto Stock Exchange ($2.0t).

Sources: World Federation of Exchanges, World Bank, International Monetary Fund

  • Wall Street Journal
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  • Bloomberg
  • Nikkei Asian Review
  • Reuters