The Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE) opened in February 1967. During its first year of activity, only six companies were listed on the TSE. Government bonds and certain state-related certificates were initially traded on the market. The TSE has come a long way as it has evolved into an exciting and growing marketplace where individual and institutional investors trade securities of over 420 companies.
During the period from 1967 to 1978, the number of listed companies increased to include 22 private banks, 2 insurance companies and 81 industrial corporations. From 1979 and 1988, the TSE was adversely impacted by the Islamic revolution and the war between Iraq. In 1989, the economic authorities refocused their attention on restarting TSE activities, which increased the number of listed companies from 56 in 1988 to 422 by 2006.
The TSE has been one of the most important executive mechanisms for national economy optimization by supporting the private sector in productive activities through transferring some of the state duties to the private sector.
The Iran Fara Bourse (IFB) is an over-the-counter market for securities and other financial instruments in Iran. It operates as a self-regulatory organization, governing the activities of its brokers and members. The IFB was established in 2009 and its first transactions officially commenced on September 28, 2009.
The Iran Mercantile Exchange (IME) was established on September 20, 2007 in accordance with the laws of the Securities Market of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This also followed the merger of the agricultural and metal exchanges of Tehran. The merger marked a new chapter in the Iran capital market, providing trading opportunities for the clients in and out of the country.
Various products and commodities are listed and traded under three primary classifications, which are oil products and petrochemicals, industrial products and agricultural.